Tips to Avoid Costly Customs Mistakes
From wrongly written addresses to ambiguous item descriptions, simple mistakes in the world of logistics can cost companies a pretty penny in terms of both time and money when moving international shipments. Various technological advances, as well as some customs procedures going digital, may have reduced the likelihood of such occurrences but the risk still remains. Incomplete, inaccurate or unreasonably filled electronic declarations may result in inflated costs during shipping and eventually slow down company production and impede productivity of the company as well as the movement of goods.
However, all hope is not lost; new age multi-country customs management software, with capabilities like automated check algorithms that flag errors, can help companies combat these issues and prevent the most common mistakes, which set off red flags for customs authorities.
Incorrect customs classification
A validated invoice serves as the basis for the customs declaration for both imports and exports. A detailed description of goods is vital to facilitate proper customs classification. From the importer’s perspective, clear agreements must be made with the supplier. A good’s description is sufficient when information for each item is listed, including the purpose for use, material, and characteristics. This can then be attributed to a customs tariff number. It is sensible for the supplier to include the importer’s item number in its invoice. If the attribution is not definitive, false tariff classifications can lead to excessive duties payments. A good customs handling solution will support both ends of the supply chain, streamlining communication, and enabling information to be shared automatically.
TIP: Create a database within your customs software for all common items, with master data and the customs tariff numbers to be used respectively. This will save time in the import and export process.
Subsequent payments and excessive customs duties
Within the customs classification, a product is classified into the electronic customs tariff and assigned a tariff number. If the goods are declared under the false customs tariff number during import, the customs office will charge only the duties associated with the specified code number. False tariff classifications are particularly tricky because the customs office rarely inspects the goods themselves. The inspection rate is generally about 1.5 percent, so errors in customs declarations can remain undiscovered for many years. And, while it’s possible to get a refund for excess duties paid if the customs office examines the characteristics of the goods, it could just as easily result in additional payments. Moreover, depending on the country, action can be enforced for up to three to ten years after the item has been shipped. It is far better to get the classification right the first time.
TIP: Regularly update master data to avoid subsequent payments and excessive duty payments.
Incoterms: Missing invoice information on the agreed terms of delivery is one of the most frequent reasons for questions and delays.
Number of items: Customs declarations with missing or false information on the number of items are instantly rejected by the customs authorities. Your customs software should have the ability to check the information entered and trigger an alert if it is found to be incorrect. In the process, for example, the indicated number of pieces in combination with the weight serves as the basis for automated plausibility checks. Accordingly, a shipment weight of 1.536 kilograms does not match a quantity of 100 notebooks. To eliminate this simple error, the quantity of items should always be specified on the commercial invoice, even if this is not always required.
Total price: The total price is shown on the invoice so one can check the completeness of multi-page documents, and organizations must specify the currency in which the invoice was issued.
Customs value for goods delivered for free: Since no transaction value is available for these items, alternative methods for the customs value calculation must be used. Customs value calculation methods are subject to firm rules and can vary between countries. Specifying fictional goods values is not permitted.
Incorrect certificates of origin
It is possible for certificates of origin to be declared invalid after the import because the authorities doubt the correctness of the goods origin. Without a valid certificate of origin, penalties may result. Depending on the country of import, different certificates of origin may be required for the same product and different rules for the re-export may apply.
TIP: Harmonize the customs regimes of multiple countries into a single output with customs software.
Customs snags lurk in many different forms when importing or exporting goods, and sometimes these issues become apparent only after months or even years. It’s vital to check your processes for their sustainability. A best-of-breed, multi-country customs management software solution can help maintain compliance with customs and security regulations around the world and remain compliant even as requirements change. It may also be advisable to partner with a company such as Sidoman Investment Limited who specialize in logistics matters and can advise on importation/exportation processes or take them over completely so that your company may focus on its core business. Contact Us today to consult on all ‘matters logistics.’